Periodontal disease is an infection of the gums that is usually painless. It can go unnoticed, which makes regular dental checkups very important. Periodontal disease, also known as gum disease, can cause serious deterioration in healthy gums, leading to loss of bone mass and the structure that holds teeth in place. Many adults lose teeth not because of decay but due to periodontal disease.
Periodontal disease can also cause halitosis (bad breath), which can be a severe impediment in business and social interactions. Moreover, many people don’t realize that periodontal disease may be associated with premature births and birth defects as well as an increased risk of heart disease, diabetes, and respiratory disease.